History of Solar Cooking Episode 4

Episode 4 on the History of Solar Cooking concentrates on the 1980s and late 1999. 

1980s The governments of India and China expanded national promotion of box cookers and curved concentrators respectively.

Brace Research Institute, McGill U., Canada, researched and field tested solar cookers

Prof. Shyam S. Nandwani in Costa Rica researched solar cookers
Tudor Roberts in Zimbabwe taught his students about a variety of solar cookers he himself made and used.

Box cookers were distributed to 20,000 Afghan refugees in Pakistan by SERVE (Serving emergency Relief and Vocational Enterprises). Types included hole-in-ground cookers.

1st major media in U.S.: ‘81 the national Christian Science Monitor newspaper featured Bob Metcalf.

Heather Gurley Larson wrote first U.S. solar cookbook, Solar Cooking Naturally, in ’83.

Metcalf and Fred Barrett at USDA designed prototypes of the WAPI. In ’84 Metcalf published his 1st solar water pasteurizing article, and in ’85 his 9-page instructions for building solar box cookers.

ULOG was started by Ulrich and Lisel Oehler to promote box and parabolic cookers in many countries.

Bill and Thelma Rogers began weekly workshops for people to build their own solar cookers in a West Sacramento senior center. These continued for about 10 years.

With Kerr-Cole instructions, solar cookers were built in Kitui, Kenya in ‘85

1986– The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization estimated that ¼ of humanity suffers fuel-wood shortages and predicted that by 2000 scarcities would affect ½.  Eleanor and Clark Shimeall taught Bev Blum to make cookers and suggested that someone should share this know-how with women in fuel-scarce parts of the world.

1999  Work began on the design of the Solar FlareParabolic Solar Cooker.  The need for a low cost, highly productive, lightweight, easily transportable solar cooker was painfully obvious.

SZ Team